Q. What is there to know?
A. The Context
"Mahabalipuram, originally Mamallapuram, was the seaport of the
Pallavas; it was named after King Narasimhavarman I Mamalla, 'the
great wrestler'. Mamalla and his immediate successors continued the
tradition of cave-temples ...
In a further stage of the development, the large narrative
sculpture panels have proliferated beyond any architectural frame and
occupy entire rock or cliff faces, like the poetic Krishna-Govardhana
relief or the magnificent Great Penance [of Arjuna depicted here]
(The Arts of India, ed. Basil Gray, Phaidon, 1981)