Publications in press


  • 106) Best A, H. Tidbury, A. White and M. Boots (2013). The evolutionary dynamics of within-generation immune priming in invertebrate hosts. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 10, 20120887.
    105) Donnelly R., A. Best, A. White, & M. Boots (2013). ­­­­­­­Density-dependent virulence and seasonality select for more acutely virulent parasites. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280, 20122464.
    104) Webb S.D., M. J. Keeling & M. Boots (2013). A theoretical study of the role of spatial population structure in the evolution of parasite virulence. Theoretical Population Biology in press.
    103) Antonovics J, M. Boots, D Ebert, B. Koskella, M. Poss, B. Sadd (2013). The origin of specificity by means of natural selection: evolved and non-host resistance in host-pathogen systems. Evolution in press.

    102) Rasheed, S. B., M. Boots, A. Frantz & R. Butlin (2013). Population Structure of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Pakistan. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, in press.

    101) Ryder J.J., M. Hoare, D. Pastok, M. Bottery, M. Boots, D. Atkinson, R. J. Knell & G. D. D. Hurst (2013). Food-driven hotspots of a disease epidemic. Behavioural Ecology, in press
    100) Boots M, A. White, A. Best & R. Bowers (2012). Diversity in host resistance: The importance of who infects whom. Ecology Letters 15, 1104-1111.
    99) Boots M. & K. Roberts (2012). Indirect Maternal Effects in Disease Resistance: Poor Maternal Environment Increases Offspring Resistance to an Insect Virus. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279, 4009-4014.
    98) Tidbury H., A. Best & M. Boots (2012). The Epidemiological Consequences of Immune Priming. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B. 279, 4505-4512.
    97) Best A, G. Long, A, White & M. Boots (2012). The impact of immunopathology to parasite evolution.  Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279, 3234-3240.
    96) Strauss A, A. White & M. Boots (2012). Invading with biological weapons: the importance of disease mediated invasions. Functional Ecology 26, 1249-1261.
    95) Best A., S. Webb, J. Antonovics & M. Boots (2012). Local Transmission Processes and Disease Driven Host Extinctions. Theoretical Ecology 5, 211-217.
    94) Rasheed S B, R K Butlin, N. Ali, S. A. Shah, R. M. Tariq & M. Boots (2012). A Review of Dengue as an Emerging disease in Pakistan. Public Health in press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2012.09.006.
    93) Prajsnar T. K., R. Hamilton, J. Garcia-Lara, G. McVicker, A.Williams, M.Boots, S. J. Foster and S. A. Renshaw (2012). A Privileged Intraphagocyte Niche is Responsible for Disseminated Infection of Staphylococcus aureus in a Zebrafish Model. Cellular Microbiology, 14, 1600-1619.
    93) Dieng, H. G.M.S. Rahman, A Abu Hassan, M.R.C. Salman, T. Satho, F. Miake, M. Boots & A. Sazaly (2012) The effects of simulated rainfall on immature population dynamics of Aedes albopictus and female oviposition.  International Journal of Biometeorology, 56, 113-120.

    92) Boots M. (2011). The evolution of host defence is determined by resource dependent costs. The American Naturalist 178, 214-220.

    91) Long G.H. & M. Boots (2011) How Can Immune Attack Shape the Evolution of Parasite Virulence?  Trends in Parasitology 27, 300-305.
    90) Best A, S. Webb, A. White & M. Boots (2011). Host Resistance and Co-evolution in Spatially Structured Populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 278, 2216-2222.
    89) Tidbury H., A. B. Pedersen & M. Boots (2011). Within and Transgenerational Immune Priming in an Insect to a DNA Virus. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B. 278, 871-876.
    88) Jones E.O., A. White & M. Boots (2011). The evolution of host protection by vertically transmitted parasites. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B. 278, 863-870.

    87) Reynolds J. H., A, White, J.A. Sherratt & M.Boots (2011). The population dynamical consequences of density-dependent prophylaxis. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 288, 1-8.

    86) Bacelar F.S., A. White, & M. Boots (2011).  Life history and mating systems select for male biased parasitism mediated through natural selection and ecological feedbacks. Journal of Theoretical Biology 269, 131-137.

    85) Saejeng A., M.T.  Siva-Jothy, & M. Boots (2011). Low cost antiviral activity of Plodia interpunctella haemolymph in vivo demonstrated by dose dependent infection and haemolymph inoculation. Journal of Insect Physiology 57, 246-250.
    84) Leggett H.C., E.O. Jones, T. Burke, R. S. Hails, S. M. Sait & M. Boots (2011). Population genetic structure of the winter moth, Operophtera brumata, in the Orkney Isles suggests long distance dispersal. Ecological Entomology, 36, 318-325.
    83) Vale P. F., A. Best, M. Boots, & T. J. Little (2011). Context-dependent parasitism and the tragedy of tolerance. The American Naturalist, 177, 510-521.
    82) Antonovics J. M. Boots , J. Abbate , C. Baker, Q. McFrederick & V. Panjeti (2011). Biology and evolution of sexual transmission. Annuals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1230, 12-24.
    81) Laughton A.M., M. Boots  & M. T. Siva-Jothy (2011). The ontogeny of immunity in the honey bee, Apis mellifera L. following immune challenge. Journal of Insect Physiology 57, 1023-1032.
    80) Ahmad, A, AH  Ahmad, H  Dieng, T Satho, H Ahmad, AT  Aziz, , M  Boots (2011). Cadaver Wrapping and Arrival Performance of Adult Flies in an Oil Palm Plantation in Northern Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Medical Entomology. 48, 1236-1246.  
    79) Lion, S. & M. Boots (2010). Are parasites “prudent” in space? Ecology Letters 13, 1245-1255.
    78) Best, A. A., White, E. Kisdi, J. Antonovics, M.A. Brockhurst& M. Boots (2010).  The evolution of host-parasite range.  The American Naturalist 176, 63-71.
    77) Rudolf, V.H.W, M. Kamo & M. Boots (2010) The co-evolution of cannibalism and dispersal: The role of spatial self-structuring. The American Naturalist 175, 513-524.
    76) Jones, E.O., A White & M. Boots (2010) The evolutionary implications of conflict between parasites with different transmission modes. Evolution 64, 2408-2416.
    75) Best, A. A., White & M. Boots (2010). Resistance is Futile: Tolerance can explain why parasites don’t always castrate their hosts. Evolution 64, 348-357.

    74) Childs, D.Z. & M. Boots (2010). Seasonal Forcing, Immunity and the Dynamics of Malaria.  Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 7, 309-319.
    73) Adams, B. & M. Boots (2010) How important is vertical transmission in mosquitoes    for the persistence of dengue? Insights from a mathematical model. Epidemics 2, 1-10.
    72) Saejeng, A.,H., Tidbury, M.T. Siva-Jothy & M. Boots (2010). Examining the Relationship Between Hemolymph Phenoloxidase and Resistance to a DNA virus, Plodia interpunctella Granulosis Virus (PiGV). Journal of Insect Physiology 56, 1232-1236.
    71) Saifur R.G.M, H Dieng, A Abu Hassan, T. Satho, F. Miake, M. Boots, M.R.C. Salmah & S. AbuBakar (2010). The effects of moisture on viposition responses and larval eclosion of Aedes albopictus. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 26(4)
    70) Dieng H, R.G.M Saifur, A Abu Hassan, M.R.C. Salmah., M. Boots, T. Satho, Z. Jaal
    & S. AbuBakar (2010). Indoor-Breeding of Aedes albopictus in Northern Peninsular Malaysia and Its Potential Epidemiological Implications. Plos One 5(7), e11790.
    69) Boots, M, D., Childs, D. C., Reuman & M. Mealor (2009). Local Interactions Lead to Pathogen Driven Change to Host Population Dynamics.  Current Biology 19, 1660-1664.
    68) Bell, S.S., A. White & M. Boots (2009). Invading with biological weapons: the role of shared disease in ecological invasions. Theoretical Ecology 2, 53-66.
    67) Boots, M., A Best, M.R. Miller, & A White (2009). The role of ecological feedbacks in the evolution of host defence: what does theory tell us? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B. 364, 27-36.
    66) Sorrell, I, A. White, A. B. Pedersen, R. S. Hails & M. Boots (2009). The Evolution of Covert Infection as a Parasite Strategy. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B. 276, 2217-2226.
    65) Best, A., A. White & M. Boots (2009). The implications of co-evolutionary dynamics to host-parasite interactions. The American Naturalist 173, 779-791.

    64) Boots, M (2008). Fight or learn to live with the consequences? Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 23, 248-250.
    63) Best, A., A. White & M. Boots (2008). The maintenance of host variation in tolerance to pathogens and parasites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 20786-20791.

    62) Hamilton R, Siva-Jothy M & M.Boots (2008). Two arms are better than one: Variation in parasite growth rates selects for combined inducible and constitutive innate immune responses. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 275, 937-945.
    61) Hoyle, A., R.G. Bowers, A. White & M. Boots (2008). The evolutionary implications of the shape of trade-offs in different ecological contexts. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 250, 498-511.
    60) Boots, M. & M. Mealor (2007). Local interactions select for lower infectivity. Science, 315, 1184-1186.
    59) M. Miller, A White, K. Wilson & M.Boots (2007). The population dynamical implications of male-biased parasitism in different mating systems. PLOS ONE 2(7), e624.
    58) Webb S.D., M.J Keeling & M.Boots (2007). Host-parasite interactions between the local and the mean-field: how and when does spatial population structure matter? Journal of Theoretical Biology. 249140-152.
    57) Beckerman, A.P., M. Boots & K. J. Gaston (2007). Urban bird declines and the fear of cats. Journal of Animal Conservation. 10, 320-325.
    56) Adams, B, A Sasaki & M Boots (2007). The influence of immune cross-reaction on phase structure in resonant solutions of a multi-strain seasonal SIR model. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 248, 202-211.
    55) Miller, M.R., A. White & M.Boots (2007). Host lifespan and the evolution of resistance characteristics. Evolution. 61, 2-14.
    54) Ryder, J.J., M Miller, A White, R. J. Knell & M Boots (2007). Disease dynamics under combined frequency- and density-dependent transmission. Oikos 116, 2017-2026.
    53) Webb. S. D., M. J. Keeling & M Boots (2007). Spatially extended host-parasite interactions: the role of recovery and immunity. Theoretical Population Biology. 71 (2): 251-266.
    52) Kamo M., A Sasaki & M Boots (2007). The role of trade-off shapes in the evolution of parasites in spatial host populations:  an approximate analytical approach. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 244, 588-596.
    51) Dieng, H, M.Boots, J Higashihara, T. Okada, K. Kato, T. Satho. F. Miake & Y. Eshita (2007). Effects of blood and virus-infected blood on protein expression in the midgut of the dengue vector Aedes albopictus. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 21, 1-6.
    50) Jones, E.O, A.W. White & M. Boots (2007) Interference and the Persistence of Vertically Transmitted Parasites. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 246, 10-17.
    49) Adams, B., E. C. Holmes, C. Zhang, M. P. Mammen Jr, S. Nimmannitya, S.Kalayanarooj & M. Boots (2006). Cross-protective immunity can account for the alternating epidemic pattern of dengue virus serotypes circulating in Bangkok. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 103, 14234-14239.
    48) Miller M., A White & M. Boots (2006). The evolution of parasites in response to tolerance in their hosts: The good, the bad and apparent commensalism. Evolution. 60 (5): 945-956.
    47) White, A., Greenman, J., Benton, T.G., Sherratt, J.A. & Boots, M (2006). Evolutionary Behaviour in Ecological Systems with Trade-offs and Complex Population Dynamics. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 8, 387-398.
    46) Mealor, M & M. Boots (2006). Resistance patterns suggest a decreasingly costly resistance mechanism in a model insect-pathogen system. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 19, 326-330.
    45) Kamo, M & M Boots (2006). The evolution of optimal long distant infection in micro-parasites. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 8: 1333-1347.
    44) Childs, D.Z, Cattadori I, Wannapa Suwonkerd & Somsak Prajakwong, & Boots, M (2006). Long-term patterns of Malaria incidence in Northern Thailand. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 100 (7): 623-631.
    43) Adams, B. & M. Boots (2006). Modelling the Relationship Between Antibody Dependent Enhancement and Immunological Distance with Application to Dengue. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 242 (2): 337-346.
    42) Dieng, H. M Boots, N Tamori, J Higashihara & Y Eshita (2006). Some technical and ecological determinants of hatchibility in  Aedes albopictus (Diptera culcidae), a potential candidate for transposon mediated transgenesis. Journal of the American Mosquito control Association. 22 (3): 382-389.
    41) Ryder J.J., K.M Webberley, M Boots & R.J. Knell (2005). Measuring the Transmission Dynamics of a Sexually Transmitted Disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 102, 15140-15143.
    40) Hamilton, R., M Boots & S Paterson (2005). The Effect of Host Heterogeneity and Parasite Intra-genomic Interactions on Parasite Population Structure. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 272, 1647-1653.
    39) Greenman, J.V., T.G. Benton, M. Boots & A. White (2005). The Evolution of Population Dynamics in Age-Structured Species. The American Naturalist. 166, 68-78.

    38) Miller, M.R., A. White & M. Boots (2005). The Evolution of Host Resistance: Tolerance versus Control. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 236, 198-207.

    37) Bowers, R.G., A, Hoyle, M. Boots & A White (2005).  The geometric theory of adaptive evolution: Trade-off and invasion plots. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 233, 363-377.
    36) Boots, M, P.J. Hudson & A. Sasaki (2004). Large shifts in pathogen virulence relate   to host population structure.  Science, 303,842-844.
    35) Boots, M & R.G. Bowers (2004).  The evolution of acquired immunity. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 271, 715-723.
    34) Boots, M (2004). Modelling insect diseases as functional predators.  Physiological Entomology, 29, 237-239.
    33) Kamo M. & Boots M (2004). The curse of the Pharaoh in space: Long lived free-living infective stages and the evolution of virulence. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 231, 435-441.
    32) Greenman, J, M. Kamo & M. Boots (2004). External Forcing of Ecological and Epidemiological Systems: a resonance approach. Physica D, 190, 136-151.
    31) Boots, M, J Greenman, D. Ross, R. Norman, R. Hails & S. Sait (2003).  The population dynamical implications of covert infection in host-microparasite interactions.  Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 1064-1072.
    30) Boots, M & A. Sasaki. (2003) Parasite Evolution and Extinctions. Ecology Letters, 6, 176-182.
    29) Boots, M. & Bowers RG (2003). Do and its general role in understanding host parasite interactions. Journal of Theoretical Biology 233, 361-365.
    28) Kawaguchi, I., A. Sasaki & M. Boots (2003). Antibody dependent enhancement explains coexistence in dengue sero-types. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B 270, 2241-2247.
    27) Tompkins, D, White, A & Boots M (2003).  Wildlife disease plays a key role in the replacement of red squirrels by greys in the UK. Ecology Letters, 6, 189-196.    
    26) Bowers, R.G., A. White, M. Boots, S.A.H. Geritz & E Kisdi (2003).  Evolutionary branching and speciation with explicit and implicit carrying capacities. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 5, 883-891.
    25) Wilson, K, Knell, R & Boots, M & Koch-Osbourne (2003).  Group living and disease, resistance. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 133-143.
    24) Dieng, H., Boots, M., T., N., Tuno, Tsuda, Y. & Takagi, M (2003). Effects of a copepod predator on the survivorship and development of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae). Medical Entomology and Zoology. 54(2), 187-192.
    23) Dieng, H., Boots, M., Tuno, N., Tsuda, Y. & Takagi, M. (2003). Life history effects of prey choice by copepods: implications for bio-control of vector mosquitoes. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 19, 67-73.
    22) Dieng, H., Boots, M., T., N., Tuno, Tsuda, Y.& Takagi (2003). A laboratory oviposition study in Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) with reference to habitat size, leaf litter and habitat size-leaf litter interactions. Medical Entomology and Zoology, 54(1), 43-50.
    21) Boots, M. & A. Sasaki. (2002).  Extinctions in spatially structured host-pathogen populations. The American Naturalist. 159, 706-713.
    20) Boots, M & Knell, R. (2002).  The evolution of risky behaviour in the presence of a sexually transmitted disease. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, 269, 585-589.
    19) Dieng, H., Mwandawiro, C.S, M. Boots, R. Morales, T. Satho, N. Tuno, Y. Tsuda & M. Takagi (2002). Leaf litter decay process and the growth performance of Aedes albopictus larvae (Diptera:Culicidae).  Journal Vector Ecology 27, 31-38.
    18) Dieng, H., M. Boots, N. Tuno, Y. Tsuda & M. Takagi (2002). A Laboratory and field evaluation of Macrocyclops distinctus, Megacyclops viridis, and Mesocyclops pehpeiensis as control agents of the dengue vector Aedes albopictus in a peridomestic area in Nagasaki, Japan. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 16, 285-291.
    17) Dieng, H., M. Boots, N. Tuno, Y. Tsuda & M. Takagi (2002). Life history consequences of prey choice by copepods: implications for the bio-control of vector mosquitoes. Medical Entomology and Zoology 16, 285-291.
    16) Boots, M. & R. Norman (2000).  Sublethal infection and the population dynamics of host-microparasite interactions. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 517-524.
    14) Boots, M. & A. Sasaki (2000).  The evolutionary dynamics of local infection and global reproduction in host-parasite interactions. Ecology Letters 3, 181-185.
    13) Boots, M (2000).  Density independent resource limitation and the transmission of insect pathogens.  Oecologia, 124, 172-175.
    12) Boots, M. (2000).  Sibling cannibalism in the Indian meal moth: no avoidance of relatives.  Evolutionary Ecology Research, 2, 251-256.
    11) Mwandawiro, C.S., M. Boots, N. Tuno, Y. Tsuda & M. Takagi (2000).  Host choice in Japanese Encephalitus vectors in Northern Thailand. Transactions of the    Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 94, 238-242.
    10) Boots, M. (1999).  A general host-pathogen model with free-living infective stages and different rates of uptake of the infective stages by infected and susceptible hosts.  Researches on Population Ecology, 41, 189-194.
    9) Boots, M. & Y. Haraguchi (1999).  The evolution of costly resistance in host-parasite systems. The American Naturalist, 153, 359-370.
    8) Boots, M. & A. Sasaki (1999).  “Small Worlds” and the evolution of virulence: infection occurs locally and at a distance.  Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, 266, 1933-1938.
    7) Boots, M. & R.G. Bowers (1999).  Three mechanisms of host resistance to microparasites – avoidance, recovery and survival – show different evolutionary dynamics.  Journal of Theoretical Biology, 201, 13-23.
    6) Boots, M. (1998).  The role of cannibalism in the transmission of an insect disease.  Ecological  Entomology, 23, 118-122.
    5) Boots, M. & M. Begon (1995).  Strain differences in the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella, in response to a granulosis virus.  Researches on Population Ecology, 37, 37-42.
    4) Begon, M. & M. Boots (1995).  Covert infection or simply resistance?  Functional Ecology, 9, 549-550.
    3) Boots, M. &. M. Begon (1994).  Resource limitation and the lethal and sub-lethal effects of a viral pathogen in the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella.             Ecological Entomology, 19, 319-326.
    2) Bowers, R.G., M. Boots & M. Begon (1994).  Life-history trade-offs and the evolution of pathogen resistance: Competition between host strains.  Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, 257, 247-25

    1) Boots, M. & M. Begon (1993).  Trade-offs with resistance to a granulosis virus in the Indian meal moth, examined by a laboratory evolution experiment.  Functional Ecology, 7, 528-534.

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