The ecological background: social behaviour of non-primates with ecologies
resembling humans (eusocial insects, social carnivores, cetaceans)
SB, chapter 20 (the social insects), chapter 25 (carnivores), pp. 473-478
Macdonald, D. (1984). The encyclopaedia of mammals. .....TRC
Watson, L. (1981). Whales of the world, Chaps 1, 2, 3 [very basic].......599.5WAT
Bryden & Corkeron (1988), Intelligence, in R. Harrison & M. M.
Bryden (Eds.), Whales, dolphins and porpoises........599.5WHA/X
going to TRC
Von Frisch, K. (1966). The dancing bees (2nd edn), chapters 1-7,
Lea (1994). The evolutionary biology of economic behaviour. In H. Brandstätter
& W. Güth (Eds.), Essays in economic psychology. .......330.019BRA/SEGL
1. Cetacean social behaviour and social structure
There is considerable overlap between the following sources, but each contributes
Evans (1987) The natural history of whales and dolphins chap 7 (Social
organization and behaviour) .......599.5EVA
Corkeron (1988), Social behaviour, in Harrison & Bryden (see BASIC)
Chapters from Schusterman, R. J. et al (Eds) (1986), Dolphin cognition
and behavior .......599.53DOL/Roboro
Johnson & Norris, Delphinid social organization and social behavior
Wursig, Delphinid foraging strategies
Bradbury, Social complexities and co-operative behavior in delphinids
If you want to make a comparison between cetaceans and the other large
group of marine mammals, see Renouf (1991) (Eds.), Behaviour of pinnipeds.
2. Cognitive processes in cetaceans
Herman, L. (1980). Cetacean behavior, Chap 4 & pp. 231-243;
409-421 (skip details) .......599.5CET
Richards (1986), Dolphin vocal mimicry and vocal object labelling, in Schusterman
et al (see above).
Harley, H. E., Roitblat, H. L., & Nachtigall, P. E. (1996). Object
representation in the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus): Integration
of visual and echoic information. Journal of Experimental Psychology:
Animal Behaviour Processes, 22, 164-174.
Pryor, K. (1992). Lads before the wind, 2nd edn, chaps 1-3, 10-12.
review of Pryor (1992) by Squier, 1993, J. Exper. Anal. Behav., 59,
St Aubin et al (1985), How do bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus,
react to oil films under different light conditions?. Canad. J. Fish.
Aquat. Sci., 42, 430-436 .......P590J52
Delfour, F., & Aulagnier, S. (1997). Bubbleblow in beluga whales (Delphinapterus
leucas): a play activity? Behavioural Processes, 40, 183-186.
Herman (1986) Cognition and language capacities of bottlenosed dolphins,
in Schusterman et al (see above)
Marten, K., Shariff, K., Psarakos, S., & White, D. J. (1996).
Bubbly Dolphins. http://www.sciam.com/0896issue/0896dolphins.html
Excerpted with added video clips from Ring Bubbles of Dolphins, Scientific
American, August 1996.
3. Eusocial insects
Von Frisch, K. (1966). The dancing bees (2nd edn), chapters 11,
Heinrich, B. (1979). Bumblebee economics, chapters 1&2.......short
Giurfa, M., Eichmann, B., & Menzel, R. (1996). Symmetry perception
in an insect. Nature, 382, 458-461.
Trivers & Hare (1976). Haplodiploidy and the evolution of the social
insects. Science, 191, 249-263; Alexander & Sherman (1977),
Local mate competition and parental investment in social insects. Science,
196, 494-500. .
4. Social carnivores
Mills (1978). The comparative socio-ecology of the hyaenidae. Carnivore,
Smale et al (1993). Ontogeny of dominance in free-living spotted hyaenas:
juvenile rank relations with adult females and immigrant males. Animal
Behaviour, 46, 467-477.
Mills, M. G. L. (1990). Kalahari hyaenas, especially Chapter 7,
The individual in hyaena society. .......599.74427MIL
Bertram, B. (1978). Pride of lions, chapters 3, 4........599.74428BER
Caro & Hauser (1992). Is there teaching in nonhuman animals? Quarterly
Review of Biology, 67, 151-174.
Macdonald (1980). Social factors affecting reproduction amongst red foxes.
In E. Zimen (Ed.), The red fox [concentrate on Discussion]........599.74442/RED
Giraldeau & Gillis (1988). Do lions hunt in group sizes that maximize
hunters' daily food returns? Animal Behaviour, 36, 611-613. [skip
through the maths unless you're interested]
Baker, P. J., Robertson, C. P. J., Funk, S. M., & Harris, S. (1998).
Potential fitness benefits of group living in the red fox, Vulpes vulpes.
Animal Behaviour, 56, 1411-1424. .......CJ/SEGL
Questions for discussion
What groups of animals most closely resemble humans in (a) ecology and
(b) social structure?
Can we learn anything about human behaviour by studying eusocial insects?
Are there clear correlations between social structure, ecology, and cognitive
powers within (a) the social carnivores (b) the cetaceans?
Considering any of these groups of animals, how would you argue that it
offers the best available animal model of human society?
University of Exeter
School of Psychology
Washington Singer Laboratories
Exeter EX4 4QG
Tel +44 1392 264626
Fax +44 1392 264623
Send questions and comments to the
departmental administrator or to the
author of this page
Goto Home page for this
course | program
of topics | next topic
Goto home page for: University of
Exeter | School of Psychology
| Staff | Students
Document revised 9th March 1999